Brand Positioning

Don't Just Blend In, Stand Out and Crush It!

Table of Contents

Modern business is a labyrinth where countless products and services vie for consumers’ attention and brand positioning guides the path through the dense fog of choices. It’s the beacon that defines identity, carves a niche, and resonates with its audience. Whether you’re a multinational corporation or a local artisan business, brand positioning is the your compass that keeps you on course in the tumultuous seas of the marketplace.

As marketing guru Seth Godin aptly puts it, “A brand is the set of expectations, memories, stories, and relationships that, taken together, account for a consumer’s decision to choose one product or service over another.” In essence, brand positioning is about shaping those expectations, crafting those memories, and nurturing those relationships.

Why does it matter?

1. Standing Out in the Crowd. The world is saturated with options, so differentiation is not just a competitive edge; it’s a survival strategy. As Al Ries, the co-author of “Positioning: The Battle for Your Mind,” notes, “The basic approach of positioning is not to create something new and different, but to manipulate what’s already up there in the mind, to retie the connections that already exist.” In other words, it’s about staking a claim in the consumer’s mind and occupying a distinct place.

2. Connecting with Emotions. A brand’s success often hinges on its ability to tap into the emotions and aspirations of its audience. “The best brands are built on great stories,” says Ian Rowden, CMO of Virgin Group. Storytelling in your positioning creates a resonance that goes beyond functional benefits, forging deeper connections.

3. Navigating Change. As the world evolves, so do consumer preferences and market dynamics. Brand positioning isn’t static; it’s a dynamic process that allows brands to adapt and respond. As David Ogilvy, founder of Ogilvy & Mather, said, “The consumer isn’t a moron; she is your wife. You insult her intelligence if you assume that a mere slogan and a few vapid adjectives will persuade her to buy anything.”

4. Influencing Perception. Marty Neumeier, author of “The Brand Gap,” emphasises, “A brand is not what you say it is. It’s what they say it is.” Brand positioning isn’t just about self-perception; it’s about shaping how your audience perceives you. It’s about the gap between what you say and what people believe.

5. Size Doesn’t Matter.  Whether you’re a small startup or a global corporation, brand positioning is equally crucial. In fact, as small brands often lack the resources of their larger counterparts, a well-crafted positioning strategy can be their secret weapon. As branding expert Laura Busche puts it, “A small brand with a strong positioning is like a dagger to the heart of Goliath.”

In this journey through the world of brand positioning, we’ll explore the principles, strategies, and tactics that can help brands of all sizes harness the power of positioning to not only survive but thrive in an ever-changing marketplace. Through the wisdom of brand strategists, real-world examples, and practical guidance, we’ll uncover the art and science of crafting a brand’s rightful place in the hearts and minds of consumers.

Importance of
Target Audiences

Targeting audiences is crucial to brand strategy and positioning because it allows a brand to resonate with the right people in a meaningful way. Here are some key reasons why targeting audiences is important.

“When you speak to everyone, you speak to no one.” – Meredith Hill

Imagine a luxury fashion brand like Chanel trying to appeal to budget-conscious consumers. By targeting the affluent elite, they maintain their image of exclusivity and connect with an audience that appreciates and can afford their products.

“Efficiency is doing things right; effectiveness is doing the right things.” – Peter Drucker

A startup with limited marketing resources can make the most impact by targeting a specific niche. If they sell vegan cosmetics, for instance, focusing on eco-conscious consumers ensures their marketing budget isn’t wasted on disinterested audiences.

“Your message should be so clear, even a child can understand it.” – Joe Sugarman

Nike’s “Just Do It” slogan speaks directly to athletes and those who aspire to be more active. Their messaging resonates with this audience, inspiring them to push their limits and achieve greatness.

“Differentiation is one of the most important strategic and tactical activities in which companies must constantly engage.” – Jack Trout

Apple positioned itself as a brand for creative, forward-thinking individuals. This differentiation helped them stand out in the crowded tech market and build a fiercely loyal customer base.

“Start with the customer experience and work backward to the technology.” – Steve Jobs

Amazon listens to its target audience and constantly innovates based on their needs. Amazon Prime, for instance, was developed in response to the desire for faster and cheaper shipping, enhancing the customer experience.

“Loyal customers, they don’t just come back, they don’t simply recommend you, they insist that their friends do business with you.” – Chip Bell

Harley-Davidson’s brand positioning appeals to a unique subculture of riders. This fosters a strong sense of belonging and loyalty, with customers often becoming brand advocates.

“The moment you feel like you’ve made it, you’re finished. Keep adapting.” – Reid Hoffman

Blockbuster’s failure to adapt its target audience and positioning to the digital era led to its downfall. In contrast, Netflix shifted from mailing DVDs to streaming, catering to changing audience preferences.

Targeting audiences is the cornerstone of effective  positioning. It enables brands to create a meaningful connection with their ideal customers, allocate resources efficiently, and differentiate themselves in a competitive market. By understanding their audience and speaking directly to their needs and desires, brands can build lasting relationships and drive business success.

Strategic Competitive Analysis

Competitive analysis is a critical component of branding and marketing strategy. It involves the systematic examination of a brand’s competitive environment to gain insights that can inform brand positioning and marketing decisions. Two commonly used frameworks in competitive analysis, alongside SWOT and PESTLE analysis, are the Five Forces model and a Competitor Matrix. Let’s explore these strategies in more detail:

  • Strengths: Identifying a brand’s internal advantages and assets that give it a competitive edge. This can include strong brand equity, innovative products, or a loyal customer base.
  • Weaknesses: Assessing internal limitations and areas that need improvement. This might involve issues like inadequate resources, outdated technology, or poor customer service.
  • Opportunities: Examining external factors that a brand can capitalize on, such as emerging markets, changing consumer trends, or technological advancements.
  • Threats: Evaluating external factors that could negatively impact the brand, like aggressive competitors, economic downturns, or regulatory changes.

For example, a SWOT analysis might reveal that a company’s strength lies in its innovative products, but weaknesses include a lack of global reach. Opportunities could be found in expanding to untapped international markets, while threats might include increasing competition from new entrants.

Here are some additional tips for conducting a SWOT analysis:

  • Involve multiple people in the process. This will help you get a more comprehensive view of your organization.
  • Be specific. Don’t just say that your company is strong in customer service. Be specific about what makes your customer service so good.
  • Be realistic. Don’t list strengths or weaknesses that are not true.
  • Be action-oriented. Once you have completed your SWOT analysis, use it to develop strategies for improving your organisation


Access SWOT templates here.


  • Political: Examining the impact of government policies, regulations, and political stability on the brand. This could involve issues like taxation, trade restrictions, or political unrest.


  • Economic: Analysing economic factors such as inflation rates, exchange rates, and economic growth that can affect consumer spending and market conditions.


  • Social: Understanding societal factors like demographics, cultural norms, and consumer attitudes that influence purchasing decisions.


  • Technological: Assessing the impact of technological advancements and innovation on the industry and the brand’s ability to compete.


  • Legal: Examining legal issues, including regulations, intellectual property rights, and potential liabilities.


  • Environmental: Considering environmental concerns, sustainability, and the brand’s efforts to minimise its ecological footprint.


For instance, a PESTLE analysis might reveal that a brand operating in the food industry faces challenges related to changing consumer preferences for healthier options (social), potential new regulations on food labelling (legal), and opportunities for cost savings through sustainable packaging (environmental).

  • Threat of New Entrants: Assessing how easy or difficult it is for new competitors to enter the market. High barriers to entry can be a competitive advantage.


  • Bargaining Power of Suppliers: Evaluating the influence suppliers have on the brand in terms of pricing, quality, and availability of inputs.


  • Bargaining Power of Buyers: Analyzing the power consumers have to negotiate prices and terms. Brands with strong customer loyalty often have an advantage.


  • Threat of Substitutes: Examining the availability of alternative products or services that could satisfy the same needs as the brand.


  • Competitive Rivalry: Assessing the intensity of competition among existing players in the market. A highly competitive market may require different strategies than a less competitive one.


The Five Forces model helps brands understand the overall competitive dynamics in their industry and identify areas where they can strengthen their competitive position.

  • Creating a matrix that compares key competitors based on various criteria such as market share, product offerings, pricing, and customer satisfaction. This visual representation helps brands identify their relative strengths and weaknesses compared to competitors.

These competitive analysis strategies provide valuable insights for brand positioning, marketing strategy, and decision-making. By thoroughly understanding their competitive landscape, brands can leverage their strengths, address weaknesses, and seize opportunities while mitigating threats in the market.

Unique Value Proposition (UVP)

A Unique Value Proposition (UVP) is a concise statement that communicates the unique benefits and value that a product, service, or brand offers to its target audience. It is a critical element of branding and marketing strategy because it differentiates a brand from its competitors and communicates why consumers should choose that brand over others. The UVP is often a key factor in a customer’s decision-making process.

  • Differentiation: In today’s competitive marketplace, businesses often offer similar products or services. A well-crafted UVP sets a brand apart by highlighting what makes it unique. This differentiation is vital for attracting and retaining customers.


  • Clarity: A clear UVP simplifies complex messaging. It helps potential customers quickly understand what a brand stands for and why it’s relevant to them. This can lead to better brand recognition and recall.


  • Competitive Advantage: A strong UVP can be a sustainable competitive advantage. It provides a compelling reason for customers to choose a brand, even if competitors offer similar products or services.


  • Customer-Centric Approach: A UVP is centred around addressing the needs, desires, and pain points of the target audience. This customer-centric approach fosters trust and connection.

  1. Understand Your Audience:

    • Conduct thorough market research to understand your target audience’s needs, preferences, and pain points.
    • Develop customer personas to create a detailed profile of your ideal customers.
  2. Analyze Your Competitors:

    • Study your competitors to identify their strengths and weaknesses.
    • Determine what unique value they offer, and where there might be gaps in the market that you can fill.
  3. Identify Your Unique Features or Benefits:

    • Assess your products, services, or brand to identify what sets you apart.
    • Consider features, benefits, quality, price, customer service, or any other aspect that provides value to customers.
  4. Craft a Clear and Compelling Message:

    • Develop a concise and clear statement that communicates your unique value.
    • Make it customer-focused and highlight how it addresses their needs or solves their problems.
  5. Test and Refine:

    • Share your UVP with a sample of your target audience and gather feedback.
    • Iterate and refine your UVP based on their responses.
  6. Align with Brand Messaging:

    • Ensure that your UVP aligns with your overall brand messaging and values.
    • Consistency in messaging reinforces the UVP.
  7. Communicate Effectively:

    • Use your UVP in marketing materials, website content, advertising campaigns, and customer interactions.
    • Keep the message consistent across all touchpoints
  1. Apple: “Think Different.” Apple’s UVP positions the brand as innovative, user-friendly, and unique in a technology market filled with complex products.

  2. Amazon Prime: “Free, fast delivery and more.” Amazon’s UVP highlights convenience, speed, and a broad range of services, enticing customers to subscribe.

  3. FedEx: “When it absolutely, positively has to be there overnight.” FedEx’s UVP promises reliability and speed in the delivery industry.

A UVP is a fundamental component of branding that answers the question, “Why should customers choose your brand?” By understanding your audience, analysing your competition, and identifying your unique value, you can create a compelling UVP that resonates with your target customers and sets your brand apart in the market.

The Power of
Brand Stories

Brand storytelling is not just a marketing buzzword; it’s a potent tool that can breathe life into a brand, making it more relatable and memorable to customers. We live in a time of information overload where a well-crafted brand story can cut through the noise, creating a deep emotional connection and driving customer loyalty. Here’s an exploration of the key elements and importance of brand stories:

A brand story is a narrative that goes beyond the product or service a brand offers. It delves into the brand’s history, values, mission, and the unique journey that brought it to where it is today. It’s about painting a vivid picture of the brand’s personality, purpose, and the impact it seeks to make in the world.

  1. Origin and History: The story often starts with the brand’s origins, highlighting the founder’s vision and the challenges overcome. The “David vs. Goliath” narrative is a classic example.

  2. Values and Mission: A brand’s values and mission are central to its story. This element emphasizes what the brand stands for and its commitment to a cause or purpose.

  3. Characters and Heroes: Brand stories often feature key characters, real or symbolic, who embody the brand’s values. These characters can be the brand’s founders, employees, or even customers.

  4. Conflict and Resolution: Stories often include challenges or conflicts that the brand faced on its journey. These obstacles make the story relatable and showcase the brand’s resilience.

  5. Transformation: The story should highlight how the brand has evolved and grown. This element reflects the brand’s ability to adapt and thrive.

  6. Impact and Aspiration: Brand stories often convey the positive impact the brand has on its customers or the world. It should also inspire and invite customers to be a part of the brand’s journey.

  1. Emotional Connection: Brand stories evoke emotions, making customers feel more connected to the brand. When people relate to a brand’s story, they are more likely to develop brand loyalty.

  2. Memorability: Stories are easier to remember than facts or data. A well-crafted brand story sticks in customers’ minds, increasing brand recall.

  3. Differentiation: In a competitive market, a compelling brand story can set a brand apart. It distinguishes the brand not just by what it sells but by who it is.

  4. Trust and Authenticity: Authenticity is a key driver of trust. A brand with a genuine and relatable story is seen as more trustworthy and transparent.

  5. Engagement: Stories are engaging. They draw customers into the brand’s narrative, encouraging them to learn more and become involved.

Nike’s story is about the pursuit of greatness, starting with its co-founder Phil Knight selling shoes out of the trunk of his car. Their “Just Do It” slogan encapsulates this spirit of determination.

The Nike Brand Story: “Just Do It”

The Nike brand story is one of the most iconic and influential in the world of sports and athletic wear. It’s a narrative that has not only shaped the brand itself but has transcended the realm of marketing to become a cultural phenomenon. At its core, the Nike brand story is a testament to the power of determination, innovation, and the human spirit.

Origins and Vision:

Nike, originally known as Blue Ribbon Sports, was founded by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight in January 1964. The company’s humble beginnings saw Knight selling sneakers out of the trunk of his car. The brand’s early years were marked by relentless dedication to innovation and performance.

The turning point in Nike’s story came in 1971 when they adopted the name Nike, after the Greek goddess of victory. This name change was symbolic of the brand’s mission to help athletes achieve victory through their products.

The “Just Do It” Revolution:

In 1988, Nike introduced the “Just Do It” slogan, which has become one of the most recognisable and enduring taglines in advertising history. The message was simple but profound: don’t overthink it, don’t hesitate, just take action and pursue your goals. This mantra resonated not just with athletes but with anyone seeking to overcome challenges and obstacles.

The “Just Do It” campaign featured iconic athletes like Michael Jordan, Bo Jackson, and later, Serena Williams, promoting the idea that greatness was within reach for anyone willing to put in the effort. This campaign was revolutionary because it didn’t just focus on products; it focused on the spirit of determination and achievement.

Innovation and Technology:

Nike’s commitment to innovation has been a consistent thread in its brand story. They’ve introduced groundbreaking technologies like Air cushioning, Flyknit, and Dri-FIT fabric, revolutionizing athletic performance and comfort. These innovations weren’t just about selling shoes; they were about helping athletes push their limits.

Athlete Partnerships:

Nike has forged partnerships with some of the world’s most iconic athletes, turning their personal journeys into powerful chapters of the brand’s story. For example, the Air Jordan line, created in collaboration with basketball legend Michael Jordan, transcended sports and became a symbol of self-expression and excellence.

Social Responsibility and Impact:

In recent years, Nike’s brand story has evolved to include a focus on social responsibility. The “Dream Crazy” campaign featuring Colin Kaepernick, the former NFL quarterback known for kneeling during the national anthem to protest racial injustice, sparked conversations about activism, equality, and the role of corporations in social issues.

Global Reach and Cultural Impact:

Today, Nike is a global brand recognised in nearly every corner of the world. Its iconic Swoosh logo is synonymous with excellence, determination, and innovation. The brand’s influence goes beyond sports and athletic wear; it has permeated popular culture, fashion, and lifestyle.

The Nike brand story is a testament to the power of storytelling in branding. It’s not just about sneakers and sportswear; it’s about the human spirit’s ability to overcome challenges and achieve greatness. Nike’s narrative has inspired generations of athletes and individuals, making it more than a brand—it’s a symbol of possibility and relentless determination. Nike’s journey from a car trunk business to a global cultural icon demonstrates the enduring impact of a compelling brand story.

Apple’s story revolves around the theme of challenging the status quo. From its rebellious “1984” Super Bowl ad to its founder, Steve Jobs, epitomising innovation and vision, Apple’s story is about thinking differently.


The Apple brand story is a captivating tale of innovation, design excellence, and relentless pursuit of simplicity and user-friendliness. From its humble beginnings in a garage to becoming one of the world’s most valuable and iconic companies, Apple’s story is deeply intertwined with its co-founder Steve Jobs and his vision for the future of technology.

Early Roots:

Apple was founded on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in Jobs’ parents’ garage. The company’s first product was the Apple I, a personal computer hand-built by Wozniak. This marked the beginning of Apple’s mission to make computing accessible and user-friendly.

The Macintosh Revolution:

Apple’s breakthrough moment came in 1984 with the introduction of the Macintosh, featuring a graphical user interface and a mouse. This groundbreaking product revolutionised personal computing by making it more intuitive and visually appealing. The iconic “1984” Super Bowl commercial, directed by Ridley Scott, introduced the Macintosh and positioned Apple as a company challenging the status quo.

The Wilderness Years and Steve Jobs’ Return:

In the late 1980s and 1990s, Apple faced challenges, including internal conflicts and declining market share. Steve Jobs, who had been ousted from the company in 1985, returned to Apple in 1997 when the company was on the brink of bankruptcy. His return marked a turning point in Apple’s history.

iPod, iPhone, iPad, and Beyond:

Under Steve Jobs’ leadership, Apple embarked on a series of product innovations that redefined entire industries. The iPod, introduced in 2001, changed the way we listen to music. The iPhone, launched in 2007, transformed not only the mobile phone industry but also how we communicate, work, and play. The iPad, unveiled in 2010, revolutionised the tablet market.

Apple’s success was not just about introducing new products; it was about creating ecosystems where hardware, software, and services seamlessly integrated to provide a user experience like no other. The “i” in Apple’s product names, as Jobs explained, stood for innovation, inspiration, and individuality.

Design Excellence and Simplicity:

Apple’s commitment to design excellence and simplicity has been a hallmark of its brand story. The company’s products are not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing. Apple’s chief design officer, Jony Ive, played a pivotal role in crafting the sleek and minimalist designs that define Apple’s products.

Retail Experience:

Apple’s brand story also includes its retail stores, designed to be more than just places to buy products. Apple Stores offer customers a unique and immersive experience, allowing them to explore and interact with Apple’s products and services.

Legacy and Cultural Impact:

Steve Jobs’ vision and leadership left an indelible mark on Apple’s brand story. His famous Stanford University commencement address in 2005, where he encouraged graduates to “stay hungry, stay foolish,” has become emblematic of the company’s ethos.

Apple’s brand story isn’t just about technology; it’s about how technology can enrich people’s lives. It’s about thinking differently, challenging conventions, and striving for excellence. Apple’s story continues to influence not only the tech industry but also design, marketing, and entrepreneurship worldwide.

The Apple brand story is a narrative of innovation, design, and a commitment to making technology more accessible and user-friendly. It’s a story of how a company can redefine industries and shape the way we live, work, and communicate. Apple’s brand story serves as an enduring source of inspiration for those who seek to create meaningful and transformative products and experiences.

Coca-Cola’s brand story centres on bringing people together and spreading happiness. It’s not just about selling a beverage; it’s about creating moments of joy and connection.

The Coca-Cola brand story is one of the most recognizable and enduring narratives in the world of beverages and global brands. Founded in 1886 by John S. Pemberton in Atlanta, Georgia, the brand has transcended its humble beginnings to become an iconic symbol of refreshment, happiness, and cultural unity.

Early Beginnings:

Coca-Cola was initially created as a medicinal tonic, with its inventor, John S. Pemberton, believing it had health benefits. However, it was Asa Candler, who purchased the formula and rights in 1888, who transformed it into a beverage company. Candler’s vision was to make Coca-Cola a refreshing and uplifting drink for all.

The Birth of the Contour Bottle:

One of Coca-Cola’s most significant contributions to branding and design was the creation of the iconic contour bottle in 1915. Designed by the Root Glass Company, this unique bottle shape is recognised worldwide and has become synonymous with Coca-Cola. It was created not just for aesthetics but also to make Coca-Cola bottles distinguishable in the dark, as the company wanted people to enjoy Coca-Cola at night as well.

Coca-Cola and American Culture:

During World War II, Coca-Cola played a crucial role in boosting the morale of American troops. The company’s commitment to ensuring that “every man in uniform gets a bottle of Coca-Cola for five cents, wherever he is and whatever it costs the Company” helped solidify its reputation as a symbol of American culture.

Global Expansion:

Coca-Cola’s expansion beyond the United States began in earnest in the early 20th century. The company entered international markets and adapted its messaging to connect with diverse cultures while maintaining a consistent global brand identity. This approach has helped Coca-Cola become one of the world’s most recognised and beloved brands, with a presence in over 200 countries.

Marketing and Advertising Innovation:

Coca-Cola is renowned for its innovative and memorable advertising campaigns. Notable campaigns, such as the “Hilltop” commercial and the “Share a Coke” campaign, have resonated with consumers by promoting values of unity, happiness, and sharing.

Diversification of Products:

While Coca-Cola’s flagship product remains its classic cola, the company has expanded its product portfolio to include a wide range of beverages, including Diet Coke, Coca-Cola Zero Sugar, Fanta, Sprite, and an array of non-carbonated beverages. This diversification allows Coca-Cola to cater to a broad spectrum of consumer tastes and preferences.

Sustainability and Social Responsibility:

In recent years, Coca-Cola has made significant strides in environmental sustainability and social responsibility. The company has set ambitious goals for reducing its carbon footprint and water usage. Additionally, Coca-Cola has been involved in various philanthropic initiatives, such as the World Wildlife Fund partnership to protect water resources and support recycling.

Cultural Impact:

Coca-Cola’s brand story extends beyond beverages; it has had a significant impact on popular culture. Its iconic red and white logo, along with its association with happiness and togetherness, has made it a symbol of celebration, joy, and unity in various global events, including the Olympics and holiday seasons.

The Coca-Cola brand story is a remarkable journey that spans over a century. It’s a story of innovation, cultural impact, and adaptability. Coca-Cola’s ability to maintain a strong and consistent global brand while also respecting and celebrating diverse local cultures has made it not just a beverage but a symbol of shared moments and happiness around the world.

A brand story is a powerful tool for building a brand’s identity, fostering emotional connections with customers, and differentiating it in a crowded marketplace. When crafted thoughtfully and authentically, a brand story becomes an integral part of a brand’s DNA, resonating with audiences and leaving a lasting impression. It’s not just a narrative; it’s the soul of the brand.

5 tips in developing your brand positioning

Developing a strong brand positioning is essential for effectively communicating your brand’s unique value and standing out in the market. Here are five tips to help you develop a compelling brand positioning:

  • In-depth knowledge of your target audience is the foundation of effective brand positioning. Conduct thorough market research to understand their needs, preferences, behaviours, and pain points.
  • Create detailed customer personas to visualise and empathise with your ideal customers. This helps tailor your brand’s messaging and offerings to align with their desires.
  • Study your competitors to identify their strengths and weaknesses in the market. Analyze their positioning strategies and customer perceptions.
  • Look for gaps or unmet needs in the market that your brand can address. This can lead to a unique positioning opportunity.
  • Your UVP is the heart of your brand positioning. It should succinctly communicate what sets your brand apart from the competition and why customers should choose you.
  • Focus on your brand’s unique features, benefits, or values that resonate with your target audience. Craft a clear and compelling UVP that addresses their specific needs or aspirations.
  • Develop a compelling brand story that emotionally connects with your audience. Explain the “why” behind your brand and its mission.
  • Craft consistent messaging that reinforces your UVP and brand story across all touchpoints, from your website and social media to advertising campaigns and customer interactions.
  • Before fully launching your brand positioning strategy, test it with a small sample of your target audience. Gather feedback and make adjustments as needed.
  • Continuously monitor your brand’s performance and customer feedback. Be prepared to adapt and refine your positioning based on changing market dynamics and customer insights.

Remember that brand positioning is not a one-time task but an ongoing process. As your brand evolves and market conditions change, it’s important to revisit and adjust your positioning to stay relevant and maintain a strong connection with your audience.

Are you ready to clarify your brand positioning?